BPH: WHAT IS IT?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate gland. A common condition among older men, BPH can cause bothersome urinary symptoms. Untreated prostate gland enlargement can block the flow of urine out of the bladder and can cause problems with the bladder, urinary tract and kidneys.
COMMON BPH SYMPTOMS
The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis. When the prostate is enlarged, the urethra and bladder can become restricted. Common BPH symptoms include:
- Slowness or dribbling of your urinary stream
- Hesitancy or difficulty starting to urinate
- Frequent urination
- Feeling of urgency or sudden need to urinate
- Need to get up at night to urinate
As symptoms progress, the following issues may develop:
- Bladder stones
- Bladder infection
- Blood in your urine
- Damage to your kidneys from back pressure caused by retaining large amounts of extra urine in the bladder
- Sudden blockage of the urinary tube, making urination impossible
PREVALENCE OF BPH IN MEN
The prevalence of BPH increases with age.
Histologic BPH Prevalence by Age:
Symptomatic (clinical) BPH by Age: